Ruby uses Perl-compatible regular expressions, so if you’re familiar with the
preg_*functions in PHP, it will be easy to learn regular expressions in Ruby.
Regular expression patterns \w, \d, \s will not work as expected for non-latin letters in a UTF-8 string when you use preg_ functions (like preg_match, preg_split, preg_replace).
First of all you must use modifier /u to work with UTF-8 strings correctly.
One of the best solutions to common tasks is to use the pattern escapes \P, \p, and \X, which refer to Unicode character properties.